From throwing it at random to distributing it, from garbage to resources, garbage classification is profoundly changing Xining City, Qinghai Province, and letting fashion fresh air blow into thousands of households.
Since 2018, the garbage sorting work in Xining has been moving towards upgrading the standard and quality. Up to now, the classified facilities and publicity coverage of domestic waste in residential areas in the main urban areas of the city have reached 100%, the number of points (stations) for upgrading and upgrading has accounted for 71.7%, and the resource utilization rate has reached over 65%.
Advance at a high level and improve the system guarantee
In July, 2023, the Regulations on the Classification and Management of Domestic Waste in Xining City (hereinafter referred to as the Regulations) was officially promulgated and implemented, and since then, the classification of domestic waste in Xining City has been guaranteed by law.
Recently, the Office of the Leading Group for Domestic Waste Classification in Chengdong District, together with Yunjiakou Town and Yucai Road Community, launched a publicity campaign for domestic waste classification in Ningcheng Jiayuan Community. The staff publicized the "Regulations" to the residents by asking questions, and distributed various small gifts to the residents who answered correctly. The atmosphere at the scene was lively, which expanded the grassroots publicity coverage of garbage sorting and improved the awareness rate and participation rate of the masses.
Chengbei District adheres to both propaganda and education, promotes the integration of garbage sorting into daily life, and promotes all-round publicity, creating a strong public opinion situation and atmosphere, and the participation of the masses is more extensive.
"We have made full use of the media, various special trainings, popular science lectures, on-site teaching experience activities, etc., and achieved full coverage of the Regulations and garbage classification knowledge." The relevant person in charge of Chengbei District said.
It is understood that since the promulgation and implementation of the "Regulations", the law enforcement departments of urban management in various districts have continuously increased the law enforcement inspection of domestic waste classification in accordance with the principles of strict law enforcement and normal management. Up to now, a total of 1,482 administrative law enforcement actions on domestic waste classification have been carried out, 3,605 law enforcement officers have been dispatched, 1,656 problems have been found, 1,513 times of education and persuasion have been conducted, 142 notices of ordering correction within a time limit have been issued, and 64 cases have been filed and investigated to ensure the smooth progress of domestic waste classification according to laws and regulations.
Fill in the shortcomings and play a demonstration effect.
Entering the 12 successfully established demonstration communities of garbage classification, the garbage classification has formed a normal management mode of "propaganda at home, withdrawal and consolidation of barrels, fixed time and supervision by barrels".
After the residents sort the garbage at home, they put it into the centralized garbage sorting point in the community. The supervisor at the bucket side will always remind the residents that they will "find out" the wrong garbage in time. Through continuous publicity and long-term supervision by the bucket, the awareness rate of garbage classification of residents in the demonstration community reached 95%, and the classification accuracy rate reached 70%.
"Last year, we continued to fill the shortcomings, improve the construction of domestic waste sorting facilities in the waste sorting demonstration community, and carry out household publicity, with a coverage rate of 100%. At the same time, we will continue to promote the construction of domestic waste classification demonstration communities, and the coverage rate of demonstration households in the main urban area will reach 41%, realizing the expansion of domestic waste classification in the city. " The staff of the Office of the Leading Group for Domestic Waste Classification in Xining said.
According to statistics, in recent years, the main urban area of Xining City has set up (updated) 2,300 sets of garbage sorting bins and installed 259 centralized garbage sorting points, and completed the registration of garbage sorting facilities in 2,100 residential quarters in the city.
Raise the standard and improve the quality to expand the coverage.
From the pilot of 12 demonstration plots to the creation of 5 demonstration plots, and then to the full coverage of domestic waste classification in the city’s party and government organs, enterprises and institutions and other public institutions, the responsibility book for domestic waste classification was signed with merchants along the street … Xining’s domestic waste classification was from point to area, and the coverage was constantly expanding.
At present, the kitchen waste generated in the canteens of 326 units in the city is collected, transported and recycled by the kitchen waste treatment plant. Large supermarkets in the city no longer provide non-degradable disposable plastic products to customers, and postal express delivery enterprises no longer use disposable transfer bags.
In 2023, as the domestic waste incineration power plant in Xining was officially connected to the grid for power generation, the short board at the end of the domestic waste sorting terminal in Xining was also completed, and the domestic waste treatment capacity was significantly enhanced.
At present, the city’s kitchen waste, other garbage, harmful waste and recyclable materials have all built corresponding disposal centers and collection and transportation systems. By the end of 2023, 355,400 tons of domestic garbage had been treated.
In addition, in September 2023, Xining kitchen waste treatment plant began to adopt the "bus-oriented" collection and transportation mode of fixed time, fixed point and fixed route, and continuously improved the treatment level and comprehensive utilization level of kitchen waste.
"The public transport collection and transportation mode of kitchen waste in public institutions has been established, and the kitchen waste in 75 demonstration communities, 200 public institutions, 35 farmers’ markets, 31 large supermarkets and 3,000 restaurants has been collected and transported in a standardized way, which will be treated and recycled by the kitchen waste treatment plant. At present, 50 kitchen waste transport vehicles in the city have all been entered into the Xining kitchen waste treatment plant system. " The staff of the Office of the Leading Group for Domestic Waste Classification in Xining said.