Last night, I sent a literacy video about baseball rules. Some fans sent a private message saying that they couldn’t keep up with their ideas and asked me for a text. So I’m going to show you a graphic version today, and I’ve added a lot of explanations and explanations, which are more detailed and understandable.
There are two boring people, throwing the ball to kill time.
One throw, one pick.
Throw, catch, throw, catch …
This game is too monotonous, so we should add some tricks. So a third person was called in to make trouble.
The man held a stick in his hand to stop the pass. As soon as the ball was thrown, he swung it away.
Those who throw and catch the ball should try to avoid the ball being intercepted and try to complete the pass.
The two sides formed a confrontational relationship.
If the ball is hit, someone has to pick it up. So I called a few more people to pick up the ball.
This kind of game is still a bit boring, so keep adding more tricks. After the ball was hit, the batter ran wildly to see if he could finish the square route and return to his original place before the ball was picked up.
If he can run back to his original place, he will get a point.
But the difficulty is too high and should be reduced. After the ball is hit, he is allowed to run to these positions and stay there first, but he doesn’t score.
Obviously, the faster the catcher picks up the ball, the more difficult it is for the batter to finish the distance.
So the batter tries to hit the ball as far as possible, and it is best not to pick it up in a short time, so that he has enough time to run the whole course.
Therefore, on the whole court, everyone is dealing with the batter, and the batter has to fight with many opponents. So everyone was divided into two camps and dressed in different colors. So it is divided into two teams, A and B.
Team a, there is only one batter for the time being; Everyone else belongs to team B.
Team a, that is, the batter, is the attacker with sticks; Team B is the defensive team, all wearing big gloves.
Offender, strive for more points; The defender tried every means to stop the other team from scoring.
This is the baseball game.
That passage just now has broken your fear of baseball. Below I will talk about the basic rules more formally. If you don’t understand some places, just skip them. It won’t have much impact.
1. Competition system
There are two teams on the field, such as Team A and Team B. The two teams take turns to attack and defend.
There are nine innings in a game. Each game is divided into two and a half games.
In the first half, Team A attacked and Team B defended; In the second half, Team B attacked and Team A defended.
In reality, the visiting team usually attacks and the home team defends in the first half. After three people from the visiting team were out, the first half ended and the second half began. In the second half, the home team attacked and the visiting team defended.
The attacking side is responsible for hitting the ball and running the base, with the goal of scoring;
The defensive side is responsible for pitching, catching and passing the ball, so that the attacker is out and the attacker is prevented from scoring.
After nine games, the team that scored more points was the winner. If the scores are the same, they will play overtime until the outcome is decided. If the scores are very different, one side will lose, and then the game can be ended early.
The playing field is a fan. This is a right angle. Within the right angle, it is within the boundary; Outside the right angle, it is out of bounds.
Note that the range within the boundary is infinitely extended.
This red arc is just a field line, not a boundary. Even if the ball flies over this arc, it is not out of bounds as long as it is within the right angle. It is out of bounds only if it is exceeded to the left or right.
There are four bases in all. They are home plate, first base, second base and third base. This position where the pitcher stands is called the mound.
The batter stands next to the home plate, either to the left or to the right. There is a little distance between the batter and the catcher, so there is no need to worry that the batter’s stick will swing on the catcher’s head.
3. Team members
The two teams each have nine players.
But at the beginning of each half game, only the batter plays alone. The other eight teammates are waiting outside.
The batter flew the ball, started from home plate, captured first base, and became base runner. Next, the second batter comes on the court. If he also makes it to base, then the third batter comes on the court …
Because there are only four bases. Therefore, there are only four players on the offensive side at the same time.
The nine players on the defensive side all played together from the beginning.
These nine people include: a pitcher, who throws the ball; A catcher is a person who crouches on the ground armed to catch the ball; There are also seven wild players, scattered on the field.
The seven outfielders include: left fielder, center fielder and right fielder, as well as the first baseman, the second baseman and shortstop, and the third baseman.
Step 4 run the base
A. One bag can only accommodate one person.
B base runner in the rear can’t surpass base runner in front.
C. When the batter hits the foul ball, he must start running and run for first base.
From these three ABC principles, we can deduce the concept of compulsory base entry.
When the batter rushed to the first base, base runner, who had already occupied the first base, had to go forward and rush to the second base-because a base bag could only hold one person, he had to give the first base to the batter. This is compulsory base entry.
Step 5 score
Under the siege of nine opponents, the batter captured the first base, the second base and the third base in a counterclockwise direction, and finally ran back to home plate, so that the attacker could get one point.
The rules of baseball game are designed around this core content.
It’s very difficult to run back to home plate. Many times, the attacker was killed before he ran far.
For the defensive side, as long as three attackers are out, this half game can be ended and another half game can be started, and the offensive and defensive relationship can be reversed.
Step 6 get out
How did base runner and the batter get out? In other words, how did the defender kill the attacker?
Mainly in these ways.
Type 1: catch and kill
The batsman flies the ball, and the ball is caught by the defender before it hits the ground, so the batsman is out immediately. It’s called killing.
Catch-and-kill doesn’t distinguish between inside and outside. As long as the ball doesn’t land and is received by the defender, it is catch-and-kill.
Type 2: contact killing
The defender holds the ball in his hand and touches "base runner who hasn’t run to the base bag", so base runner will be out. This is called touch kill.
Between defenders, the ball can be passed around
Type 3: Blocking
Example: The defender who stepped on the second base got the ball, and base runner, who was forced to run to the second base, was expelled. Then the ball was thrown to the first base guard, and the batter who was running to first base was also banned. This is a double kill.
Similarly, there are three kills that cause three offensive players to be out.
If there is no one on the base, only the batter rushes to the first base, then the ball is passed to the first baseman with his foot on the first base, and the batter is eliminated.
Banning is suitable for the situation of running (compulsory base entry), and its essence is to let people who are forced to base have nowhere to go. Instead of running in the case of a must-run (active base entry), you can only use a touch kill to get out.
The base guard can’t stop base runner from running the base by tripping or other physical obstacles. Only after we get the ball, we can kill base runner by touching him or blocking him.
Contact killing is easy to understand. Focus on banning.
Banning is to occupy base runner’s target base first after getting the ball and before base runner. So base runner will be homeless.
Some people will say, then can’t base runner run back? You can’t.
Because the way to ban is used, that is, in the case of forced base running (forced to run, must run).
For example, if a batter hits a foul ball, he must run to first base. Because a base can only accommodate one person, base runner, who was originally at first base, had to run to second base-he had to vacate the position of first base for the batter. So at this time, the second base keeper got the ball and occupied the second base first, so base runner was homeless and had to be out.
Type 4: Strike out
The batter was struck out when the strike reached three. Now let’s talk about what a good shot is.
7. Good ball and bad ball
This virtual yellow area is called the strike zone.
The range is the three-dimensional space directly above home plate, from the batter’s armpit to his knee.
The referee has the final say on the specific scope.
Each referee’s criteria for judging the strike zone are slightly different, so professional players will know the judgment preferences of each referee in advance.
The ball thrown by the pitcher, which crosses the area, is a good ball, and if it doesn’t cross, it is a bad ball.
However, the batter missed the ball, missed the ball, or hit the ball out of bounds, even if it did not pass through the strike zone, it was still a good ball, and the number of good balls was increased by 1. However, it should be noted that if the number of good balls has reached 2, then playing a foul ball is not a good ball or a bad ball.
8. Walk to base
If the pitcher throws four bad balls, the batter is walked to first base.
If the first base is already occupied, then the first base base runner will be safely pushed to the second base. And so on.
That is to say, if the first base, the second base and the third base are already occupied, then the batter will be walked to the base at the same time, and the third base will be safely pushed to the home plate, so the attacker will get 1 point.
9. Touch the ball
The pitcher throws the ball very fast, and it hurts when he hits the body lightly, but it hurts when it is heavy. If it hits the batter, it is a touch ball. Touching the ball will also let the batter walk to base.
It should be noted that the condition for the touch ball to be established is that the batter should have evasive action.
In many cases, the batter must play and perform accurately-not only to dodge to meet the judging conditions and reduce the harm to the body, but also to let the ball hit itself to get a walk on the base.
It’s up to the referee to decide whether to count the touch ball in the end..
But not every batter likes to walk the ball to base. Because they would rather hit a hit or even a home run by themselves (the probability is very low) than have a touch ball.
On the other hand, on the defensive side, they sometimes deliberately throw a touch ball to send the batter to first base safely. This is because some batters are too strong, and the defender is afraid that he will hit a home run, so he simply gives him a touch ball and sends the athel Loren to first base.
10. Hits and home runs
After the batter hits the ball, he successfully gets on base, so this time the bat is a hit.
So as the name implies,A hit is a hit that brings safety to base..
Hits can be divided into first base hits, second base hits, third base hits and home runs.
The so-called home run is that the batter hits the ball to the home run area (outside the home run wall), and then the batter can run safely and leisurely and score 1 point.
If there are already people on the base, they can also run back to the home plate to score.
In the best case, there are already attackers on the first base, the second base and the third base, so the batter hits a home run and all three of them and the batter can return to home plate in turn. So the attacker got 4 points at once. Such a home run is called a slam home run, also called a slam gun.
A home run with no one on the base, only one run, is called Yangchun home run, also called Yangchun cannon.
Then you should also understand the meaning of two-point gun and three-point gun.
11. Stealing bases
Once the pitcher starts his pitching posture, base runner can sprint to the next base bag.
If the batter doesn’t pose or miss the ball, the catcher will pass the ball to the baseman to get base runner out.
Note that if the ball is out of bounds, then stealing the base is invalid and you should return to the original base bag.
12. Forced return to base
The ball is caught by the defender, and the batter is killed, so base runner must return to base forcibly and touch his previous base bag again before he can start running again.
Therefore, if base runner is sure that the ball will be killed, he will stand still on the base bag and wait until the ball is received before running into the base;
If base runner is not sure whether there will be a catch, he will run a few steps and wait. If there is no catch, he will continue to enter the base. If he is caught, he will quickly return to his original base.
11. Explain some things again
The heavy-eyed man standing behind the catcher is the referee, that is, the referee, who has supreme authority. In addition to the referee, there are four referees in the vicinity of the base package, including the first, second and third bases. In some competitions, there are also right-line judges and left-line judges, with a total of six referees.
The catcher put his hand in his crotch and made various gestures. He was indicating to the pitcher what way to throw the ball. Sometimes it’s a signal to the base guard.
Someone out of bounds is doing a seemingly inexplicable action, which is a player in the command field.
The core rule of baseball is simple, that is, hit the ball out of bounds, then go around and return to home plate to score.
Knowing this, there will be no fear of difficulties.
The details of the rules are extremely complicated. But it doesn’t matter. As long as you often watch the game, the details of various rules will naturally become familiar.
So, be sure to watch more games.
Baseball is a team sport, which is very antagonistic and passionate. During the competition, there is also a strong drama and suspense. Therefore, watching baseball games is not boring at all, it is very interesting.
Although this article only talks about a few rules, knowing these is enough to support you to appreciate the game. If you don’t understand, please keep it for later use.
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