With the rapid growth of sales and ownership of new energy vehicles, a new problem has surfaced: what to do with the power batteries used in new energy vehicles after they are scrapped?
The interim measures for the management of the recycling of power batteries for new energy vehicles jointly formulated by seven departments, including the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, will come into effect on August 1.
Hefei is the first pilot city of new energy vehicles in China. Now, with the use and popularization of these new energy vehicles, various problems have gradually emerged in automobile power batteries. How to deal with these aging or even abandoned batteries? The reporter recently interviewed people in the industry for this purpose.
Car companies are the first responsible body for battery recycling.
How to deal with the scrapped battery? Qin Liwei, director of the electric vehicle platform of Jianghuai Automobile New Energy Automobile Research Institute, made the following interpretation from a professional perspective.
"This policy, which was implemented on August 1, is extremely timely and reasonable for the whole industry. The original intention of research and development of new energy vehicles is to protect the environment. Now strengthening the recycling of batteries is also due to deep environmental considerations." Qin Liwei said. On the one hand, although it takes a certain degree of buffer period for major recycling enterprises to apply for qualification and production capacity, battery manufacturers to destock, automobile manufacturers to establish recycling outlets and recycling system construction, Jianghuai Automobile, as the first batch of enterprises producing electric vehicles in China, has entered the retirement period, so it is necessary to prepare for the upcoming "scrapping tide". On the other hand, many rounds of discussions have been carried out before the introduction of this new regulation. At present, the responsibilities of all parties are clearly divided, the tasks are clear, and the implementation is reasonable. Jianghuai has always attached great importance to this work, and made it clear that "car companies are the first responsible subject for battery recycling".
There are three major destinations for scrapping new energy vehicle power batteries.
When asked about the whereabouts of the power batteries of new energy vehicles after scrapping, Qin Liwei said that the batteries currently used by Jianghuai Automobile are mainly divided into three major destinations according to categories: First, test batteries are returned to battery manufacturers and then delivered by relevant departments to battery recycling enterprises with professional qualifications; Second, some markets repair batteries, which are scrapped by maintenance service personnel to battery manufacturers for recycling; Third, the batteries used in JAC vehicles are signing agreements with professional battery recycling enterprises to open up ways to recycle batteries.
It is understood that there is no enterprise specializing in recycling new energy vehicle batteries in Hefei at present, and the qualification of recycling is of vital significance in the whole implementation. At present, there are only five enterprises with this qualification in China, and Hefei Guoxuan Hi-Tech Power Energy Co., Ltd. is applying for this qualification to carry out battery recycling business.
At present, there are two main ways to dispose of scrapped batteries in China. One is to send them to related recycling enterprises for physical disassembly and direct scrapping, and the other is to store energy and recycle batteries that are still valuable, such as the use of traffic lights at intersections. For the promotion of battery recycling in the future, Qin Liwei put forward the following suggestions: First, strengthen public opinion propaganda and actively guide consumers to scrap batteries in formal channels; The second is to implement the establishment of all relevant laws and regulations to restrict vehicles and improve the personal punishment mechanism; The third is to strengthen the connection between the registration of the vehicle management office and the owner’s change and traceability system.
There is still a large demand for charging. I hope the new regulations will land as soon as possible.
For the problem of battery scrapping, the reporter visited several communities in Hefei on the spot and learned about the configuration of charging piles in several communities and the attitude of car owners to this new regulation.
In the Binhu Mingzhu Community, there are 16 slow-charging charging piles at the entrance, and four new energy vehicles are charging. A male car owner said, "Our electric car has just been purchased for one year, and it is not very convenient to charge. There are fewer charging piles nearby, and some fuel vehicles occupy the original charging position." When talking about the new regulations on power batteries recently introduced, the owner said: "If this policy is implemented, it will certainly be very supportive. After all, there will still be a special channel for recycling and disposal of aging batteries in the future."
In Yaohai Peace Garden, the community is equipped with 15 fast-charging charging piles. When the reporter went to the scene, only two new energy vehicles were parked and charged. A female car owner who is charging told reporters that because there are charging piles in the community, the usual charging needs can still be basically met. When asked if he was worried about what to do with the aging battery, the owner said, "Yes, I am worried. I have been driving this car for three or four years, and I still don’t know what to do when the battery is discarded. I hope there is a good way to solve this confusion."
Hefei has a reward for recycling used power batteries.
The reporter learned that from the "Notice on Declaring Some Financial Subsidies for Hefei-level New Energy Vehicles in 2017" issued by the Municipal Science and Technology Bureau, it can be clearly seen that "the waste power battery recycling system will be established for vehicle and battery manufacturers and recycled, and 10 yuan will be awarded per kWh according to the battery capacity."
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other seven ministries and commissions have jointly identified 17 regions including Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and China Tower Co., Ltd. as pilot areas and enterprises for recycling power batteries of new energy vehicles, and our province has been successfully selected as a pilot.
According to the pilot scheme, our province will gradually realize the overall goal of "1234" by 2020 in accordance with the principle of government guidance and market dominance, that is, to form an industrial alliance of power battery recycling, build two systems of power battery recycling and traceability, build three platforms of power battery evaluation, trading and research and development, build four benchmark enterprises, including step-by-step utilization benchmark enterprises and comprehensive utilization benchmark enterprises, and build a number of demonstration projects. Establish a recycling network covering Anhui and surrounding provinces, form a perfect recycling system for power batteries, and form a comprehensive utilization capacity of a certain scale.
You can contact directly for trade-in.
The reporter contacted a number of dealers selling new energy vehicles in Hefei by telephone, and learned from them that at present, if the power batteries of new energy vehicles in consumers’ homes are aging, they can be dealt with by dealers. However, replacing the new energy battery can only change the battery core, not the whole group.
When asked what to do with the battery after recycling, a dealer revealed that at present, there is no national and regional system recycling network built by battery manufacturers or dealers in China. If the power battery of new energy vehicle is aging, the owner will directly exchange the used battery in the form of discount by directly contacting the dealer. After that, the dealers will carry out relevant centralized treatment of the recovered batteries, but at present, there is no local enterprise specializing in the treatment of new energy vehicle batteries in Hefei.
As the first pilot city of new energy vehicles in China, Hefei ranks first in the proportion of new energy vehicles in the number of motor vehicles, and the total promotion and application of family pure electric cars ranks first in the country. By the end of July 2015, Hefei had promoted 16,000 new energy vehicles nationwide and 9,932 new energy vehicles within the city, accounting for about 5.6% of the national total.
A few days ago, the Interim Measures for the Management of Recycling Power Batteries of New Energy Vehicles jointly formulated by seven departments including the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology came into effect on August 1. The interim measures stipulate that: automobile production enterprises bear the main responsibility for recycling power batteries, and relevant enterprises perform corresponding responsibilities in all aspects of recycling power batteries to ensure the effective utilization and environmental protection disposal of power batteries.
advice from others
Current situation of battery recycling and disposal in other countries
It is understood that at present, developed countries have basically established a relatively complete recycling system for waste lead batteries, mainly in the following three ways: battery manufacturers are responsible for organizing recycling through their retail networks; Establish a specific waste battery recycling company by recycling enterprises; Compulsory alliance and professional recycling company approved by government regulations to collect batteries and recycle waste.
The waste batteries recovered by the above three ways are uniformly handed over to the regular recycling enterprises, and the government gives the recycling enterprises a certain subsidy for the disposal of waste batteries.
Intern Han Xiao Hefei Evening News ZAKER Hefei Trainee Reporter Tang Meng Wen/Tu