The rise in oil prices has made Japan the biggest beneficiary

  The three oil crises of the 1970s and 1990s profoundly changed the industrial structure of the automotive powerhouses in Europe and the US. But they also represented opportunities. If there was only one winner in this far-reaching series of historical events, it was Japanese cars.

  Before the oil crisis, although Japanese cars had an export layout in overseas markets, their share was always small. At the same time, the inherent impressions of Europeans and Americans such as counterfeit products, quality and low grade always lingered on the top of Japanese cars. However, after the oil crisis, Western consumers had to accept the reality, and Japanese cars ushered in the trend of going global.

  Taking advantage of the opportunity of the oil crisis, Japanese cars eventually became an important pole of the global automobile industry. But in addition to the impact of objective events now known as "black swans", the subjective initiative of the Japanese automobile industry is also worthy of future memories. Freezing three feet is not a day’s cold, the formation of an automobile industrial country is the main reason.

  Growing up in war

  The original Japanese auto industry was born in the 1930s, 30-50 years later than the developed countries in Europe and the United States. At that time, the Japanese market was dominated by American cars, and giants such as General Motors and Ford established assembly plants in the country. Later, factories such as Toyota and Datsun (the predecessor of Nissan) created the first cars produced by Japanese companies by reverse-copying European and American models such as Chevrolet, Chrysler, and Austin.

  At the same time, in order to encourage the production of autonomous vehicles, the Japanese government also promulgated the "Automobile Manufacturing Business Law", which stipulates that companies that produce more than 3,000 cars a year must be approved by the government, and more than half of the shares must be owned by local companies. However, the Great Depression that swept the world at the time brought the fledgling Japanese automakers to the brink of bankruptcy.

  At this time, they were saved by a full-scale war of aggression launched by Japanese militarism. The early Japanese car companies were transformed into arsenal factories that started the war machine, but they were also quickly dealt a heavy blow by the defeat of the war. After the end of World War II, Japan, a defeated country, was devastated by society and economy, and its fledgling automobile industry was also on the verge of destruction.

  In this context, the Japanese government, which had just announced its unconditional surrender, still called together the few car companies at the time, demonstrating the government’s support for the auto industry. On the other hand, the United States, out of consideration against the Soviet camp, stationed troops in Japan and began to support Japan’s economy. Especially during the Korean War, the US military provided a large number of military truck orders to the nearest Japan, allowing Japanese car companies that were struggling after the war to quickly recover. For Japanese cars, this also provides an opportunity for them to open up the US market in the future.

  In order to make up for the lack of resources during the economic difficulties, the Japanese government began to encourage the production of short-wheelbase and small-displacement cars through preferential policies such as tax reduction, resulting in the series of cars known as K-Cars. These economical and practical cars not only quickly popularized cars in postwar Japanese households, but also laid the foundation for the subsequent industrial upgrading of Japanese cars. With the support of policies, the number of car companies in Japan after the war rapidly increased from single digits to nearly 30.

  Since the 1950s, the Japanese government has promulgated the "Basic Guidelines for the Introduction of Foreign Investment in Passenger Vehicles", and began to continuously introduce technology to developed countries in Europe, America, and Japan’s car companies have successively established cooperative relations with overseas auto giants. In 1950, Toyota’s then president, Eiji Toyoda, made a special trip to Detroit to inspect Ford’s factories; Nissan’s predecessor, Datsun, officially purchased the patents of Austin in the United Kingdom in 1952 and assembled cars in Japan in the form of CKD. Austin provided technical assistance to Datsun. In addition, cooperation between Hino and French Renault, Mitsubishi and Chevrolet of the United States is also developing.

  By the early 1960s, Japanese car companies had completed the original accumulation of technology, and the annual production and sales of domestic cars exceeded 400,000. In November 1963, Japan further established the automobile industry as a strategic industry at the Industrial Structure Review Conference. From the 1950s to the 1970s, Japan has introduced more than 400 technologies from developed countries in Europe, America and other countries.

  However, while absorbing technology, the Japanese government has also implemented measures such as tariffs and foreign exchange controls to protect the domestic automobile industry, and implemented them through legislation such as the Enterprise Rationalization Promotion Law and the Machinery Industry Revitalization Temporary Measures Law. The tariff barrier for imported automobiles was once as high as 40%. And the penetration of foreign capital into Japanese automobile companies is also strictly guarded.

  In addition to government support, the improvement of technology, quality and management by Japanese automakers at that time also greatly improved the quality of Japanese cars. For example, the Toyota production method, which has far-reaching impact on future generations, was born in the early 1950s. And some classic models that continue to this day, such as Toyota Crown, Corolla, Nissan Bluebird, Honda Civic, etc., were also introduced one after another in the 1950s and 1960s.

  In addition, in order to strengthen the overall quality of Japanese cars and eliminate uncompetitive enterprises, under the leadership of the Japanese government, Japanese cars carried out a series of mergers in the 1960s, reducing the number of highly competitive 30 to about 10, which increased the concentration of the industry.

  By 1970, the annual sales of Japanese cars had reached 4.10 million, 10 times that of the early 1960s, and the number of cars owned by 1,000 people had risen from 14 in 1960 to about 170.

  After all, the local market demand in Japan is limited. At the same time as the rapid growth of the industry, Japanese car companies are also trying to export. However, throughout the 1960s, Japanese cars were mainly aimed at the third world countries in South America and South East Asia. The best-selling models in Japan, such as the Toyota Crown, were also exported to the United States, but sales were also very low because they did not meet the needs of American consumers.

  It was not until the arrival of the first oil crisis that Japanese cars were "a blessing in disguise" and really went to the world, especially major automobile consumer markets such as Europe, America and others.

  blessing in disguise

  In 1970, at the call of American social environmentalists at that time, the US government introduced the "Air Purification Act" (Musky Act), which stipulated that after five years, cars emitted only one-tenth of the pollutants. This bill undoubtedly dealt a heavy blow to the three American giants that were popular at that time, but it provided an opportunity for Japanese cars to further open up the US market.

  In 1972, the CVCC engine developed by Honda became the first engine to comply with the Musky Act and quickly gained popularity in the United States.

  In October 1973, shortly after the outbreak of the Fourth Middle East War, the United States publicly sided with Israel and provided it with $2.20 billion in military aid. In order to sanction the United States and the West, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) began to implement a series of production cuts and oil embargoes. After the war, the oil exporting countries continued to cut production by more than 10% and pushed to raise the price of oil from $3 per barrel to $13, which was the first oil crisis.

  The oil crisis dealt a heavy blow to the developed automobile industry in Europe and the United States. During this period, global automobile production fell from nearly 40 million to 33 million. Car consumers in Europe and the United States had to give up their favorite large-displacement cars and performance cars in favor of affordable small-displacement cars. The auto giants were also forced to abandon their original production plans for large cars.

  Throughout the 1970s, Japan’s domestic auto market ended a period of rapid growth, with sales increasing from 4.10 million to 5 million. After the shock, Japan launched a new energy technology development plan in 1974, and introduced an industrial policy to reduce energy consumption, focusing on the development and promotion of energy-saving technologies and equipment. Later, the Energy Conservation Law was introduced to restrain it.

  But at the same time, Japan’s industrial structure dominated by small-displacement vehicles has allowed Japanese cars to find opportunities to break through overseas. Although the previous Japanese cars were scorned by many Europeans and Americans because of their brands, more people began to choose cars with better fuel economy due to the economic pressure caused by fuel consumption. At this time, in addition to affordable prices, Japanese cars have made great progress in technology and production management. In the past, the stereotype of counterfeit products and inferior quality in the eyes of Westerners was changed. Coupled with the good relations between Japan and the United States, Japanese cars soon became popular in the American market.

  In 1975, Japan’s domestic automobile production exceeded 7 million for the first time; by 1977, Japan’s automobile exports had reached 4.35 million, three times more than in 1970; the proportion of exported automobiles in total automobile production skyrocketed from 20% in 1970 to more than 50%.

  The shadow of the first oil crisis has not yet dissipated. With the outbreak of the Islamic Revolution in Iran and the Iran-Iraq War, the second oil crisis followed in the early 1980s, with oil prices rising from $14 per barrel to nearly $40. Global car sales fell for four consecutive years during the crisis, from 42 million to less than 39 million.

  This time, however, Japan’s increasingly mature auto industry has achieved greater success. During the second oil crisis, Japan’s domestic automobile production exceeded 10 million and 11 million in a row, and its exports exceeded 6 million for the first time. In 1980, Japanese automobiles surpassed the United States for the first time to become the world’s largest.

  The most important reason why Japanese cars can overtake American cars is the continued "attack" on the US market. During the second oil crisis, the production of American cars fell from 11 million to 8 million. In contrast, from 1978 to 1980, the number of Japanese car exports to the United States increased from 1.50 million to nearly 2 million, and the sales reached 2.40 million. The proportion of imported cars in the United States reached 80%, and the share of Japanese cars in the US market was as high as 20%.

  The real crisis

  Japan’s economic take-off and the strength of Japanese cars in the US market have threatened the US government and automakers. Under the impact of Japanese cars, American giants such as GM, Ford, and Chrysler have laid off more than 220,000 workers. The United Auto Workers (UAW) even broke out a campaign to smash Japanese cars.

  Under pressure from the United States, after negotiations between Japan and the United States, an agreement on independent restrictions on Japanese exports of cars to the United States was formed in 1981, which stipulated that the export scale of Japanese cars to the US market in subsequent years was limited to 1.68 million cars in 1981-1983, 1.85 million cars in 1984, 2.30 million cars in 1985 and 1986, and then dropped to about 2 million cars in subsequent years.

  At the same time, Japanese automakers began to choose to set up factories or joint ventures in the US market to avoid policy restrictions. After 1982, Honda, Nissan, Toyota, and Mazda successively established factories in the United States. In addition, joint ventures between Toyota and General Motors, Mitsubishi and Chrysler were also established during this period.

  On the other hand, under the premise of limited sales, Japanese cars to improve brand perception and increase profitability, Honda, Toyota, Nissan and other leading companies have launched high-end models for the needs of North American consumers, Acura, Lexus and Infiniti were born in this period.

  As a result, despite the decrease in imports, the profits of Japanese automakers have actually increased due to the high-priced luxury cars produced in the United States. With the outbreak of the Gulf War, the third oil crisis came. In the 1990s, the world’s car production decreased from nearly 50 million to 47 million, but Japan’s domestic car production approached 13.50 million, and sales reached a historical peak of 7.77 million. In addition, Japan’s overseas car production also exceeded 3 million for the first time, and the proportion of Japanese cars in the world rose to nearly 40%.

  However, luck has not always favored Japanese cars. Since the Plaza Accord in 1985, Japan’s domestic economic bubble burst due to the appreciation of the yen, which ushered in the "lost decade", and Japan’s domestic car production and sales have also slipped from their peak and began to decline year by year.

  Under the policy protection of domestic enterprises and the continuous suppression of Japanese cars. In 1994, American cars regained the first place in the global market. In 1995, the US government further announced a 100% tariff on luxury cars from Japan. The following year, Japanese car exports fell directly to 3.71 million, a decrease of 45% compared with the 1985 Plaza Agreement.

  Faced with the difficulties caused by economic stagnation, Japanese automakers are not sitting still. In order to continue to cater to the industry trend of energy conservation and emission reduction, Japanese automakers continue to develop engine technologies with stronger fuel economy. In 1997, the Toyota Prius based on THS hybrid technology was launched, and it became the best-selling model in North America again in the early 21st century. Later, the Honda i-MMD and Nissan e-Power were launched one after another, and the Japanese hybrid once again played a brand effect in the global market.

  In addition, while the US market is encountering bottlenecks, Japanese automakers are also continuously providing growth impetus by expanding into more overseas markets and increasing their emphasis on the emerging Chinese market. Entering the 21st century, Nissan, Toyota, Honda, Mazda, Mitsubishi and Suzuki have successively established joint venture factories in China, and have continuously introduced overseas best-selling models into domestic production and sales.

  Today, Japanese cars still have a 30% market share worldwide. Toyota is still the world’s largest automaker, with Honda and Renault-allied Nissan also in the top 10. In the United States, Toyota surpassed General Motors for the first time last year. In the Chinese market, the share of Japanese cars that came from behind has also reached more than 20%, which is on par with Germany. The value retention rate of mainstream Japanese brands is also among the best in China.

  Take a look.

  The rise of Japanese automobiles has been regarded by many in the industry as a model for the development of Chinese automobiles. For example, the Japanese government’s protection of local automobile companies and the control of the shareholding ratio of joint ventures, as well as the policy support for the production of small-displacement automobiles, have been used for reference by the Chinese automobile industry that has fully emerged after the reform and opening up.

  In addition, the experience of Japanese cars expanding overseas markets and gradually going global 60 years ago is also similar to the aggressive route of today’s leading Chinese independent brands. At present, Chinese independent brands are exporting small cars to developing countries in Southeast Asia and the Middle East in the early years, and turning to more regional markets. Even Europe exports some mid-to-high-end models and new energy vehicles, and sells back some cars produced by European and American automakers in China to the mainland.

  However, there are still significant differences in the automobile development environment and era background between Japan and China.

  Japan is an island country with relatively few natural resources, and it relies almost entirely on imports for the basic energy that supports the automobile industry, which is also the inherent disadvantage of the rise of Japanese cars. On the contrary, China not only has rich land resources, but also has the largest population and the largest market in the world.

  In today’s world, a series of black swan events such as the COVID-19 pandemic, Sino-US trade, and the situation in Russia and Ukraine have seriously impacted the world economy and the process of globalization. The shadow of previous oil crises still hangs over the heads of major countries. Although China is rich in resources, it is as dependent on oil imports as Japan. Getting rid of dependence on oil and reducing carbon emissions has become the consensus of major automobile industrial countries.

  The oil crisis of the 1970s and 1990s had the greatest impact on the automobile industry because of the irreplaceability of petroleum energy. However, with the development of technology, new energy vehicles led by electricity began to show a substitute role for fuel vehicles. Therefore, the development of new energy vehicles, which is the trend of overtaking cars in China’s car corners, has been formulated as a national policy by our country. At present, China has been the world’s largest new energy vehicle market for seven consecutive years, accounting for more than half of the global share. The overtaking of traditional fuel vehicles in Europe and the United States 50 years ago by Japanese cars is now being recreated by China’s automobile industry.

Catch up with the progress and grab the construction period! The project construction of the SCO Demonstration Zone is changing with each passing day

Demonstration area in early summer,There are blossoming flowers, rippling blue waves,More energetic.In recent years,The SCO Demonstration Zone adheres to both speed and quality.Pull the pattern from a high position,Advance the construction of major key projects.Reverse the epidemic, expand domestic demand, stabilize growth,The construction of the SCO Demonstration Zone project is racing against time.Every day brings new changes.Let’s walk into the construction site together.Witness the hot scene of catching up with the progress and grabbing the construction period!

Shanghai Electric Shanghe Wind Power Equipment Industrial Park

Shanghai Electric SCO Wind Power Equipment Industrial Park, as a key enterprise in the SCO Demonstration Zone, has actually started construction on more than 340 acres, and the project is progressing very smoothly. It is expected that all phases 1-3 will be completed and put into use in June, 6 months ahead of the original plan for trial production. It is expected that the first batch of products will be officially launched by the end of July.

The project is built by China’s top 500 and industry leader Shanghai Electric Group with a total construction area of 366,000 square meters. The project introduces the core technology of German Siemens to build the largest and world-class high-end wind power equipment industry chain demonstration base in Asia.

Geely Satellite Internet

The Geely Satellite Internet project is progressing rapidly. The main roof and secondary structure construction have been completed, and the external glass curtain wall, internal pipeline laying and decoration work are being carried out in an orderly manner, with the goal of achieving operation in October 2022.

The project is invested and built by Zhejiang Time and Space Dao Yu Co., Ltd., a subsidiary of Geely Technology Group. It will launch 72 communications satellites within three years, build the first global low-orbit satellite constellation in China, and lead the first phalanx of low-orbit satellite heaven and earth integrated Internet of Things.

SCO National Youth Entrepreneurship Center

Looking at the construction site of the SCO National Youth Entrepreneurship Center, there are vivid scenes of tower cranes running non-stop, construction vehicles shuttling back and forth, and buildings rising from the ground.

The total construction area of the project is 179687.36 square meters, and the main functional formats are Grade A office buildings, maker SOHO, administrative service hall, conference center, planning exhibition hall, finance, business services, supporting business, etc. After the completion of the project, the four buildings will present the design appearance of "Fang Zun", which means that the SCO demonstration area brings together the trend of the world. It will provide services for young people from countries along the "Belt and Road Initiative" and SCO countries, including international students, to come to China for innovation and entrepreneurship, economic and trade cooperation, job training, etc., and build an SCO national youth entrepreneurship platform.

Qingdao Sino-French International Living Room

The construction site of Qingdao Sino-French International Living Room Project is busy and orderly, and the project is progressing very smoothly.

The project has a total construction area of 16,000 square meters and a total investment of 160 million yuan. The project will integrate upstream and downstream resources of the industrial chain, introduce industrial Internet innovation resources and entrepreneurship projects from France and other European countries into the industrial innovation center of the French international living room, and conduct a centralized display of related industrial products to help the SCO Demonstration Zone build a new platform for international cooperation under the "Belt and Road Initiative".

Projects are a vehicle for investment and a platform for development. To do a good job in project construction is not only an urgent task to stabilize economic growth, but also a long-term strategy to enhance development potential.

Shanghai Electric SCO Wind Power Equipment Industrial Park, Geely Satellite Internet and other projects are just a microcosm of the SCO demonstration zone project construction in full swing.

As of mid-May, under the premise of ensuring quality and safety, all the key projects under construction in the SCO Demonstration Zone have been advanced rapidly and orderly according to the time nodes and schedule requirements, forming a vivid situation in which construction projects are catching up with each other and construction projects are in full swing. This will help the SCO Demonstration Zone successfully complete the annual target tasks, effectively strengthen the project support, and continuously consolidate hard strength and accumulate new kinetic energy!

(Source: Shanghai Cooperation Demonstration Zone)

Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee announced the top ten complaints in 2020 involving long-term rental apartments.

  On the 11th, the reporter learned from the Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee that it disclosed ten typical problems of consumer complaints in 2020, including social hot issues such as appliance repair, low-price trap and live broadcast.

  First, unscrupulous merchants counterfeit home appliance brand official website, and consumers are charged high maintenance fees.

  Consumers are generally used to inquiring about the maintenance telephone number and official website of brand household appliances on the Internet, but it is easy to find some fake brand official website whose domain name and brand name are very similar in online search. Once you call the page to ask for home maintenance, you will be charged a high maintenance fee.

  Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee:Relevant Internet companies, especially online platforms, should strengthen the audit of the promoted projects, strictly implement the main responsibility of enterprises, and actively explore the fair mechanism of replacing bidding ranking with integrity. At the same time, consumers are also reminded: First, check whether the website is publicized by ICP, and check the relevant ICP filing information through the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology to identify whether it is a regular website; Second, when inquiring about home appliance repair enterprises, you can log in to the column of "Consumer Protection Committee Helps You" in "" of Consumer Protection Committee in official website; The third is to verify the identity information of on-site service personnel before maintenance, and clarify the specific charging items and service standards; After maintenance, ask for documents and formal invoices in time.

  Second, the low-cost experience is tempted to enter the game, and consumers encounter many routines.

  Some merchants sell and display related services to consumers on short video platforms by making exquisite videos, and attract consumers at low prices. Once the consumer contacts the merchant, the other party first asks the consumer to pay a very low price, then increases the price layer by layer, and finally charges the consumer a high fee. This kind of low-cost experience routine is more prominent in many service fields such as photography and moving.

  Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee:business operatorOperate in good faith according to law, abide by business ethics and assume social responsibilities;Related industriesStrengthen self-regulation and self-restraint, and work hard for the long-term stable and sustainable development of the industry;Related short video platformStrictly review the advertisements in the businesses, and set up convenient consumer feedback channels to regularly clean up illegal businesses. At the same time, it also reminds consumers to keep a clear head about low-price sales, rationally consume according to their own consumption power, and timely report to the Consumer Protection Committee or the administrative department about the situation of merchants’ induced and routine consumption afterwards.

  Third, the live broadcast of goods is mixed, and the norms are strengthened first to help consumers protect.

  Nowadays, live broadcast with goods is very common, and low price has become the biggest selling point to attract consumers in live broadcast rooms. The live broadcast of goods is mixed, and cheap and good quality is also likely to be a gimmick.

  Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee:Remind consumers: First, choose a platform with large scale and high credibility, and carefully check the publicity information of merchants who have settled in the platform as sellers; Second, don’t blindly believe the anchor’s propaganda commitment, avoid impulsive consumption, and raise doubts in the live broadcast room in time; The third is to take screenshots in time to save business publicity information, publicity promises, chat records, shopping records, etc., and complain to relevant departments or consumer protection committees in a timely manner when problems arise.

  Fourth, the express terminal delivery service is not standardized, and there are shortcomings in the management of franchise mode.

  In 2020, Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee accepted a total of 475 complaints from Shanghai Yunda Freight Co., Ltd., and a large number of consumer conflicts focused on the delivery service at the end of the franchise point, involving the loss of express delivery without the consent of consumers, and the abandonment of express delivery at the door without the consent of consumers. Individual consumers reported that they were also abused by company staff during the communication process.

  Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee:The "Provisional Regulations on Express Delivery" clearly stipulates: "An enterprise engaged in express delivery business shall deliver the express mail to the agreed address, the recipient or the agent designated by the recipient, and inform the recipient or the agent to accept it in person. The recipient or agent has the right to face-to-face acceptance. " Here, Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee urges express delivery companies to take practical and effective measures to fulfill express delivery service contracts according to law. At the same time, it also reminds consumers to complain to the postal department or the Consumer Protection Committee in time when they encounter related problems, and work together to build an orderly and worry-free express consumption environment.

  Five, hotel accommodation, entertainment tickets are pre-sold at low prices, and it is difficult for consumers to make an appointment and refund.

  Nowadays, many enterprises sell hotel accommodation or entertainment ticketing products at low prices through WeChat WeChat official account and mobile App. After purchasing, consumers need to make an appointment in advance to use them. However, some consumers will encounter repeated unsuccessful appointments and blocked applications for refunds.

  Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee:Protecting consumers’ right to know and choose is very important for pre-sale products. It is suggested that relevant enterprises: First, clearly inform consumers of the sales quantity of products, the actual number of available reservations, the reservation dynamics and other information to protect consumers’ right to know, choose and fair trade; The second is to change the service rules and terms to protect consumers’ reasonable right to refund.

  Sixth, gyms rely on empty promises to sell cards, and it is difficult for consumers to defend their rights.

  In recent years, some fitness companies promised consumers that the swimming pool will be opened soon when they sold their cards in the early stage, but refused to cash them afterwards. Even promised consumers a refund, and then "disappeared", it is very difficult for consumers to defend their rights.

  Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee:The Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee, together with the Municipal Market Supervision Bureau, the Municipal Sports Bureau and the Municipal Fitness Association, jointly formulated the "Shanghai Sports Fitness Industry Member Service Model Contract (2021 Edition)", set a "seven-day cooling-off period", clarified the situation of card withdrawal (refund), and made detailed provisions on the liability for breach of contract and the termination of the contract.

  Seven, the abnormal operation of long-term rental apartments triggered a chain reaction, and consumers were trapped in multilateral disputes.

  On the one hand, some long-term rental apartment operators will allow consumers to apply for loans, but they will not pay the prepaid rent to the landlord at one time. Once the capital chain breaks, consumers will face problems such as no room to live in, difficult to return the rent deposit and still have to repay the loan. On the other hand, the landlord will also ask the tenant to move out because he can’t receive the rent, which will lead to multiple contradictions.

  Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee:On February 4th, 2021, ten departments, including Shanghai Municipal Commission of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, Municipal Market Supervision Bureau and Municipal Housing Management Bureau, issued the Implementation Opinions on Further Rectifying and Regulating the Order of Housing Leasing Market in this Municipality, which stipulated that "the lessee shall not be forced or induced to pay rent for more than three months at a time in the name of rent concessions", "housing leasing institutions shall open fund supervision accounts", "verification of housing information" and "real name information card system for employees" to further rectify the order of housing leasing market.

  Eight, parents do not know that minors recharge online games and ask for a refund.

  In 2020, affected by the epidemic in COVID-19, many children "stayed at home" for online classes, and minors recharged online games without their parents’ knowledge. Some minors even recharged as much as 100,000 yuan. When parents asked online game companies for a refund, they were often rejected by online game companies on the grounds of insufficient evidence.

  Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee:It is suggested that relevant game companies should fulfill their social responsibilities and pay attention to the protection and care of minors; For some games suitable for young children, set relevant trading limits, strictly control game time, implement security verification, etc., and effectively strengthen front-end control. At the same time, parents are also reminded to fulfill their guardianship responsibilities, strengthen education and guidance on the healthy and rational use of online games by minors, manage mobile phone fingerprints and passwords, open SMS reminders, turn off small amounts of confidentiality, and reduce the possibility of minors recharging themselves.

  Nine, the purchased products can appreciate, and be wary of the "sales routine" of merchants.

  Some merchants will market ordinary handicrafts through "reservation" and "lottery", and even put forward the concept that products have "collectible value", and further attract consumers to place orders through gimmicks such as "preserving value" and "increasing value" to create an effect of "buying and earning". However, the physical object is not consistent with the promotion of the merchants, and even the merchants refuse to deliver the goods and delay the delivery.

  Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee:Consumers should be extra cautious when choosing collectibles, and consume rationally in combination with demand. In case of pre-sale of products by merchants through WeChat WeChat official account, consumers should also pay more attention, carefully verify and check the registration information of merchants, and keep relevant service commitments, so as to find out the subject, keep evidence and facilitate rights protection.

  Ten, the second-hand car platform is lazy to take responsibility, and it is easy for consumers to buy a car with loans, but it is difficult to lift the mortgage.

  Some second-hand car trading platforms not only profit from the second-hand car trading, but also profit from it by providing loan channel business to consumers. In the process of handling loans, consumers are usually not familiar with the company that actually provides loans, and there is no way to directly contact or find the lending company. In this "back-to-back" situation, consumers will encounter many difficulties in canceling the mortgage.

  Shanghai Consumer Protection Committee:Urge relevant platforms: First, abide by the principle of operating in good faith and in accordance with the law, earnestly assume due main responsibilities, and actively cooperate with consumers to handle procedures such as mortgage cancellation; Second, before signing a contract with consumers, consumers should be clearly and conspicuously informed of relevant rights and obligations and important information, especially the loan provider and the methods and procedures for handling the mortgage procedures, so as to fully protect consumers’ right to know and choose; At the same time, the Municipal Consumer Protection Committee also reminds consumers to be extra cautious when buying used cars through online loans. Be sure to understand the details and the contract rules before paying, and save the electronic contract in time to protect their rights. (CCTV reporter Wang Dianjia)

2024 poly theatre Musical World Disqualification Ticket Price+Opening Time

  2023 The 58th Shenzhen Bay Automobile Exhibition

  Time: March 4th to 5th, 2023

  Venue: China Resources Shenzhen Bay Sports Center


  The 58th Shenzhen Bay Automobile Exhibition in 2023 will be held from March 4th to 5th at the "Spring Cocoon" of China Resources Shenzhen Bay Sports Center. In this exhibition, the brands you want to see can be described as everything. From RVs and commercial vehicles to modified cars, from Japanese, American, German and Korean brands to independent brands, from fuel vehicles and hybrid vehicles to new energy vehicles, it is estimated that there will be 90+ brands and 300 exhibitors participating in the exhibition, and everyone can choose from a wide range.

  New year’s car carnival! All kinds of RVs, commercial vehicles, modified cars, new energy and smart cars are assembled … The first exhibition of Shenzhen Bay in 2023 is not to be missed! Hailing Auto Show Organizing Committee News: The 58th Shenzhen Bay Auto Show in 2023 will be held in the Spring Cocoon of China Resources Shenzhen Bay Sports Center from March 4th to 5th. The automobile exhibition is sponsored by Hailing Auto Show Organizing Committee and CheDidi Auto Network, which is co-organized by CheDi Auto Network, and undertaken by Shenzhen Hailing Exhibition Co., Ltd., and HALI Hailing advertising is integrated and promoted.

Tips: Search WeChat official account [Shenzhen Local Treasure] on WeChat, and reply to [Auto Show] in the dialog box after paying attention to it. You can get the entrance, time, place and highlights of Shenzhen Auto Show for free tickets, and learn more about the auto show!

How do humans count from fingers to AI?

  Computing equipment displayed in Tsinghua University Science Museum.

  How do humans calculate?

  We can often see that children like to break their hands and count. For human ancestors whose evolution degree is not high, fingers have written a landmark first page for the history of human computing.

  Not long ago, the first comprehensive science museum in China — — Tsinghua University Science Museum, together with Zimuyuan Museum in Hefei, displayed 80 important computing instruments in the history of the East and the West in three units: operation, cleverness and switching on electricity.

  In fact, the museum has collected more than 4,000 pieces of scientific instruments, and has carried out research restoration on famous Chinese and foreign scientific instruments and technological inventions with written records that have been lost in history. Among the 80 pieces of computing instruments in this exhibition, the research and manufacturing team of the museum, after in-depth research, copied the mathematical clay tablets of Babylon and the bamboo slips of the Warring States Period, restored Leonardo da Vinci’s odometer and the drum car of the Song Dynasty, built the ancient Greek Antikythera device with Lego, and developed the interactive model of the Sikard calculator, Pascal calculator and Leibniz calculator.

  Counting is the basis of arithmetic, and human’s 10 fingers become the simplest and most convenient technical tool, which is probably the fundamental reason for decimal calculation. In the ancient world, the "finger counting method" was brought to the extreme. Nowadays, people may not imagine that the finger counting method in medieval Europe can even use two hands to represent as many as 9999 numbers. Until today, finger counting is still widely used in spoken language, sign language and gesture communication.

  As the starting point of early human computing practice, in addition to fingers, our ancestors also used knots, calculations and arithmetic to represent discrete units, and carried out simple operations by moving and arranging these units. For more complex operations and functions, people will arrange the calculation results into tables or use analog calculation devices such as proportional gauge, slide rule and nomograph. These early calculation tools mainly rely on manual operation, and there is no clear input and output device.

  In China, in 2017, Tsinghua University Unearthed Literature Research and Protection Center discovered the earliest decimal calculator "Calculation Table", which was certified by Guinness World Records in the same year. The table is in tabular form, and the core part is the multiplication table of 99, which is composed of "9" to "1" and their products "81" to "1". "Calculation Table" can also be used to convert the multiplication of two digits into the addition of four crossing points by crossing silk threads and using the exchange law to realize fast operation.

  With the continuous development of human society, such computing devices are no longer enough.

  In the 17th century, the idea of mechanical calculator was put into practice for the first time, and it was really commercialized in the middle of 19th century. The extensive use of mechanical calculators conforms to the internal requirements of the rapidly developing capitalist market economy and large-scale industrial production. Difference machine and analyzer are the pinnacle of the development of mechanical calculators, and the analyzer already has the idea of program control, which also indicates the development direction of electronic computers in the future.

  But the electronic computer, which was born in the middle of the 20th century, is a great synthesis in the history of science and technology. The introduction of electricity into computing machines has greatly improved the computing speed of human beings. Since then, computing is no longer just arithmetic, but intelligent activity, and computers are no longer just computing tools, but artificial intelligence.

  Nowadays, smartphones everywhere are no longer called "computing devices". This forgetfulness of calculation just proves that calculation has been immersed in every corner of human activities. The digitalization of the world also turns all problems into calculation problems.

  Computing devices are everywhere, but they are hidden, indicating that human beings will enter the AI era of intelligent computing.

Lotus, sugar cane, papaya … Many southern fruits are planted here in winter. Come and have a look!

Kebai Technology’s newly built 30,000-square-meter large-scale intelligent multi-span glass greenhouse for Internet of Things.
Kebai Technology, located in Yangzhuang Town, Laiwu District, Jinan City, Shandong Province, is a smart agricultural company. They used smart agriculture to realize large-scale successful planting of various southern fruits in the north. A few days ago, the mass newspaper and rural mass reporters visited it and felt the shock brought by smart agriculture at close range.
Scientific research achievements have landed,
Jianqi wisdom industrial park
"Our park is a practical application exhibition base for the practical production of smart agriculture. The planned total investment of the park is 650 million yuan, and now it is mainly divided into two parts. Together, it is an agricultural big data center, and together it is a 20,000-mu precision and digital agricultural planting park. There are several types of new greenhouses here. Some are earth-back-wall greenhouses suitable for areas with low temperature or large temperature difference between day and night, some are new material greenhouses that can effectively save land space, and there are high-standard plexiglass greenhouses. It can basically represent the greenhouses needed by various geographical features in China. I will take you to the scene later. " On November 25, in the office of Jinan Kebai Smart Agriculture Industrial Park, Liu Xinyuan, the chief agronomist of the park, pointed to a row of greenhouses not far away and said with a smile.
Following the guidance of Liu Xinyuan, the reporter looked out, and the original thick and neatly arranged greenhouses were indeed different.
Liu Xinyuan introduced that although these greenhouses are different in materials and styles, they have one thing in common. They have all installed various agricultural Internet of Things detection and control equipment produced by Kebai, all of which use wireless detection, wireless transmission and wireless control to implement automatic management and operation of agricultural Internet of Things.
"To build these greenhouses with different styles, our purpose is to apply all kinds of high-tech data achievements in the laboratory to production, so that smart agriculture can blossom and bear fruit wherever it goes. Let the world have no crops that are difficult to grow. " Liu Xinyuan walked towards the greenhouse with the reporter and said confidently.
Smart agriculture helps,
South guoaishang north di
While speaking, Liu Xinyuan took the reporter into a common winter warm shed in the north. A damp and warm air came to my face, and the fruit trees in the shed were lush and shiny.
The expansion piece in Liu Xinyuan’s mobile phone is full of a tree of lotus mist, which is really gratifying to watch.
"This shed covers an area of 1.5 mu, and 68 red emerald lotus trees have been planted, all of which are seedlings from Guangdong. Although the planting range has moved to the north by 14 latitudes, we can accurately control the most suitable environment for the growth of lotus fog in the greenhouse by leveraging Kebai’s agricultural special Internet of Things automation management and agricultural big data cloud platform. It is better to ensure that the lotus leaves bear fruit many times a year, and the yield and quality are higher than those in the south. " Liu Xinyuan said that he opened the photo album of his mobile phone and opened a photo. I saw a lotus tree full of fruits, one by one like a red lantern is gratifying.
"You see, this is the tree in the photo. From March this year, the first crop of buds has been planted, and by the end of August, two crops have been planted, each with 40 to 50 kilograms. You sweep this, and all the information of this lotus mist can be seen. " Liu Xinyuan pointed to a small two-dimensional code card hanging on the tree.
Where did all this information come from?
Liu Xinyuan pointed out the detection and control facilities installed in several places in the greenhouse for the reporter to see.
The greenhouse is covered with various monitors to provide technical support for the growth of lotus fog.
It turns out that there are many secret weapons hidden in the greenhouse, which are the infrastructure of Kebai Agricultural Internet of Things and Agricultural Big Data Cloud Platform.
There are various clips on the leaves and stems of a lotus tree. Liu Xinyuan said that this is a sensor for monitoring plant growth, which can monitor leaf temperature and humidity, fruit diameter and stem growth in real time and interpret plant growth. Compare under what environment, plants grow fastest and fruits grow fastest. In addition, meteorological sensors are installed in the park to monitor air temperature and humidity, rainfall, wind speed and direction, carbon dioxide, etc. Soil and air sensors are also installed in the shed to obtain the real temperature, moisture, humidity, PH value and EC value of the soil and the air temperature and humidity.
The data collected by these sensors will be uploaded to the agricultural big data cloud platform through the wireless transmission system using the 5G base station. After analysis and calculation, a most suitable model for plant growth will be formed. Once this mode is determined, once there is a deviation between the real-time environment in the shed and the mode environment, the system will automatically give instructions to adjust the real-time environment to the best through measures such as ventilation, water spraying, watering and fertilization.
"It is with these guarantees that we can ensure the healthy growth of southern fruits in the north, and the yield per mu is higher than that in the south and the quality is good." Liu Xinyuan proudly said that there are 19 such sheds in their park, totaling 200 mu, plus a glass multi-span greenhouse that is not fully put into use and covers an area of 30,000 square meters. It only takes eight people to manage these.
I didn’t see the lotus mist hanging fruit, and the reporter and his party were a little lost. Liu Xinyuan invited us to see some more sheds. "I’ll show you the results of papaya and lemon in those sheds."
Liu Xinyuan told reporters that papaya grows from below, which is the photo of him and the first batch of papaya this year.
Walking into the papaya shed, everyone immediately got excited. I saw a papaya forest with fruitful results. The reporter roughly counted that an ordinary papaya here can bear hundreds of papaya, and the papaya here has three or four kilograms after maturity, and the output is amazing.
Liu Xinyuan introduced that in recent years, there has been a small upsurge of planting southern fruits in the north, but due to some objective factors, at present, many growers and parks can only introduce several common general southern fruits. However, with the help of smart agriculture and big data of the Internet of Things, Kebai Smart Park has successfully planted nearly ten kinds of southern characteristic fruits such as lotus, litchi, papaya, longan, lemon and sugarcane on a large scale.
The sugar cane planted in the park can be cut down, which is especially sweet.
Subvert traditional agriculture,
Make agricultural production lighter, simpler and more efficient
"Planting in the south and planting in the north must be a minority. Our goal is to apply smart agriculture to traditional agriculture, especially local leading industries, so that agricultural production is lighter, simpler and more efficient." Walking out of the south fruit and north planting greenhouse, Liu Xinyuan took us to a ginger field that was harvested soon.
Laiwu is a famous ginger producing area in China. This year, Liu Xinyuan led his team to apply smart agriculture to ginger production.
Outside this 3-acre open-air ginger field, there stands an iron guy, and the wind leaves on it are whirring. Cao Yaopeng, a big data agronomist in charge of digital planting management in the park, introduced that this is a scientific and technological equipment integrating weather stations and micro-base stations of the Internet of Things. Including the data in the Nanguo North Seed Greenhouse that I just visited, were uploaded through it.
This year, Liu Xinyuan led his team to apply smart agriculture to ginger production.
Walking into Jiangtian, I saw water and fertilizer integrated facilities on the ground, and more than ten wireless sensors were inserted in the soil. The air temperature and humidity, air pressure, carbon dioxide, water and fertilizer in Jiangtian will transmit data to the big data center through sensors. The system will automatically give instructions for watering, fertilizing and shading according to the most suitable growth parameters of ginger. If there are signs of pests and diseases, an early warning will be issued.
"Ginger is shade-tolerant, but it also needs plenty of light. The automatic sunshade net erected above Jiangtian will be automatically opened or closed according to the data comparison. " Cao Yaopeng said, "The whole process takes a short time, only about ten minutes, which is very convenient."
Said, Cao Yaopeng opened the mobile app to demonstrate the automatic opening and closing of the sunshade net for us. "When there are crops in the field, we don’t need human operation, and the sunshade net will automatically open and close according to data analysis. Now these 3 acres of ginger fields, except for sowing and harvesting, have all been automated. "
3 acres of ginger fields, what is the output?
"The average yield per mu is 12,500 Jin, which is 20% higher than that of traditional local planting. Moreover, according to the detection data of the Internet of Things, accurate management is carried out, and pests and diseases are prevented in advance according to the early warning, and the produced ginger is very safe. " The application of smart agriculture to ginger production was a great success for the first time, which made Liu Xinyuan look forward to helping more ginger farmers to simplify production in the future.
After the automatic control mode of ginger is determined, after the ginger farmers install relevant facilities in the ginger field, farmers only need to check the field environment at home and on their mobile phones, and combine the planting suggestions provided by the Agricultural Big Data Center to remotely control various agricultural equipment such as water and fertilizer irrigation and shading in the park. Ginger seeds can be easily planted.
It is noon to leave Kebai Technology. Looking back at the park, the newly built 30,000-square-meter large-scale intelligent multi-span glass greenhouse of the Internet of Things is shining, and the banner hanging on the external wall "Let there be no crops difficult to grow in the world" is particularly dazzling.
Mass Newspaper and Rural Mass Reporter Ji Feiyan

SHEIN: Brand Rise in China! Breaking the pattern of fashion industry with efficient supply chain

For a long time, the right to speak and define the global fashion industry has been dominated by the fashion giants in developed countries such as Europe and America. The influence of China clothing brands on the international fashion stage is relatively weak, and there are few brands that can directly affect the global fashion trend. However, with the changes of the times and technological innovation, this pattern is undergoing profound changes. As one of the four major brands in the world, SHEIN, with its excellent innovation ability, efficient supply chain management and unique market strategy, has not only won the enthusiastic pursuit of consumers around the world, but also successfully broken the market structure dominated by international established fashion brands for a long time.

Today, SHEIN is becoming popular all over the world and has become one of the four most popular fashion brands in the world. Recently, in the latest list of "Top Ten Fastest Growing Brands in America" released by Morning Consult, an authoritative consulting company in the United States, SHEIN was selected together with global head brands such as ChatGPT, OpenAI, Facebook and CocaCola, and it is also the only fashion brand selected in the world.

In 2023, SHEIN once again won the global shopping APP download list, and ranked second in the favorite clothing brand of American young people; And together with well-known brands such as Apple, Gucci, Mercedes-Benz, etc., it won the Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands List of Brandz (No.70); In 2022, SHEIN surpassed internationally renowned brands such as Nike and Adidas to become the most searched clothing brand in Google, and replaced ZARA as the most popular fashion brand in the world in 2022. At the same time, SHEIN is also the hottest brand in the United States in ADAGE in 2022.

These honors have witnessed SHEIN’s unparalleled rising speed and extensive influence in the international market.

There are many factors that consumers like fashion, such as the material of luxury goods, brand stories, fashion trends and so on. SHEIN is unique in this respect, and it shows a unique solution when facing some core challenges of the fashion industry. For example, the dilemma that the fashion industry often faces-how to strike a balance between providing a variety of product categories and maintaining high cost performance, SHEIN has successfully overcome this problem and achieved a wide range of products with affordable prices. Another example is inventory management, which is the biggest headache for fashion merchants. With its excellent supply chain management and agile operation strategy, SHEIN has effectively reduced the risk of inventory backlog, thus standing out from the industry.

It can be said that the success of SHEIN is the innovation brought by technology and supply chain efficiency. Through the flexible supply chain, SHEIN can make timely response and adjustment according to the needs of the market and consumers, thus reducing the possibility of inventory waste from the source. In short, SHEIN relies on its innovative flexible supply chain mode of on-demand production, uses the actual market demand to predict sales and control production, and finally reduces overproduction. On the premise of real-time analysis and tracking fashion trends, all SKUs start with very small orders, and each SKU generally starts with 100-200 pieces. If the sales trend is good, the order will be returned immediately, but if the sales are not up to expectations, the production will be suspended.

In addition, thanks to the cost reduction brought by the efficiency improvement of the supply chain, SHEIN gives back 100% of these values to the end consumers and shares the created value with consumers. This move has greatly reduced the sales price of goods, which is also the reason why SHEIN’s products are cost-effective.

SHEIN’s flexible supply chain has become the biggest killer in the fashion field. In the report Agile Supply Chain: A New Source of Competitive Advantage in Fashion Industry, Boston Consulting Group mentioned that innovative agile supply chain represented by SHEIN has become the general trend of the industry, which can bring more potential income, higher capital utilization rate, lower storage discount cost, less waste and more competitive price advantage.

Therefore, the rise and success of SHEIN is not only an individual breakthrough of the brand, but also reflects the role change of China fashion industry from follower to leader in the context of globalization. It provides a brand-new development model for the global fashion industry, showing how technology and innovation can deeply reshape the supply chain, improve efficiency and reduce costs, and then promote the sustainable development of the whole industry. In the future, SHEIN will continue to lead a new round of changes in the global fashion industry with more flexible and efficient supply chain management and unique market strategy, and bring more high-quality and cost-effective fashion products to global consumers.


The Sixers want Show 4+Show 20! The Rockets refused to trade 1 for 5, and Fertitta would not break his word to Harden.

The president of Philadelphia 76ers always wants to take advantage of others in the transaction, so he has a bad reputation in this alliance.

Earlier, Keith Pompey, a reporter from Philadelphia Inquirer, revealed that the President of 76ers wanted to exchange Harris for Allen, mobley and a draft pick.

As a result, it is conceivable that the general manager of the Cavaliers refused, of course. I don’t know if he has been completely blacked out by the president of the 76 ers.

The President of 76ers watched the Summer League in Las Vegas and paid attention to the Houston Rockets’ game. He was deeply attracted by the performances of Amen Thompson and Cam Whitmore and wanted to get the No.4 show and No.20 show.

Amen Thompson is a real point guard. He not only has excellent physical fitness, but also has a first-class passing vision. He has a good defensive awareness and there is room for improvement in shooting. Not only some NBA scouts and netizens, but even teammate Whitmore said that seeing Amen Thompson play reminds people of Ben Simmons. Simmons, who works hard and has the ability to project, will be quite scary. No wonder the 76ers president wants Amen Thompson.

In the past few years, every year, there have been rookie rockets who stand up and say that they are the strongest in this year. Whitmore didn’t lose confidence in himself because he fell to the 20th place. Whitmore fought bravely in the summer league and finally won the MVP. His goal is the best rookie next season.

However, the reality is cruel. Whitmore will not only be impossible to start the Rockets in the new season, but even strive for a rotation quota.

So what kind of chips will the 76 ers president come up with to impress the rocket management?

Harden, the former rocket cornerstone.

"fansided" previously said that in addition to the Clippers, there are several teams interested in Harden. Si Tong, the general manager of the Rockets, is facing the pressure of performance and may consider making a deal with the 76ers. The American media put forward a trading plan: the Rockets sent Amen Thompson, Cam Whitmore, Kevin Porter Jr., Jeff Green and the first round of the Nets in 2024, and got Harden from the 76ers.

Will the rocket agree? Sbnation said the Rockets would reject the 1-for-5 deal.

Rockets reporter Jackson gatling revealed on the show that Si Tong originally wanted to sign Harden after the free agent market opened. If Fertitta decides to appoint vogel as head coach, he will welcome Harden back like Si Tong. Once Harden comes back, he will have the privilege, so some talented young players will be sent away as chips.

Earlier, Rocket reporter Kelly Apotheker also said that Harden can lead the Rockets into the playoffs, and young people such as Sengong and Ethan can be added to the first round to make a deal to strengthen the lineup.

Fertitta likes basketball and is proud of himself. In the past three years, he has kept a low profile and rarely made a sound. Now that the Rockets are over, Fertitta hopes that the Rockets can return to the playoffs next season, so he also tends to sign Harden at first.

What happened afterwards? Uduka wants to build a rocket team of his own, and he opposes signing privileged player Harden. Uduka said that Houston is full of talents and has a promising future. He is confident that these young players will grow up and win the championship in the future.

Fertitta felt very reasonable after listening to this, so vogel, the former leader, was eliminated, and Uduka Firewire took office, which caught ESPN celebrities off guard.

Uduka and Harden worked together, so the latter has a great hope of returning to the Rockets? This is really an illusion!

Uduka refused to look at it one dozen times and four times. He wanted the Rockets to play a team role and let young people grow up quickly. Uduka chose Van fleet, who didn’t occupy the ball and tried hard to defend, to guide Jay Green, and Tommy Tam, the villain, to guide Smith Jr. and Ethan.

Although Si Tong is the general manager of the Rockets, he is not as good as head coach Uduka. ESPN celebrity McMahon revealed that Uduka should be the most powerful person in the Rockets except boss Fertitta.

As long as Fertitta still trusts Uduka, the door of Houston will not be opened to Harden.

So will Harden’s No.13 jersey be affected when the Rockets retire?

I said before that Fertitta is a face-saving man, and he will not break his word to Harden in this matter. He will retire Harden’s No.13 jersey. Harden ranks in the top three in the history of the Rockets. He has made great contributions to the local community in Houston, and he definitely deserves such treatment.